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A Complete Guide to AED Manufacturers

Finding the Right AED Manufacturer for Your AED Program

ZOLL, Physio-Control, Cardiac Science, Philips, HeartSine, Defibtech

First, we’d like to congratulate you on your decision to equip your school, community organization, office, or home with an automated external defibrillator (AED). Modern AEDs are small, portable and user-friendly electronic devices that automatically diagnose and respond to life-threatening heart rhythms. However, there are a number of different devices on the market and finding the one that works best for your organization is critical.

On-site AEDs can dramatically improve survival odds by significantly reducing the time between cardiac arrest and treatment. AEDs are battery-operated, compact, light, and portable. Because safeguards are programmed into each unit, regardless of manufacturer, users never have to worry about shocking a victim who has a heartbeat.

Anyone can use an AED. In fact, most AEDs provide simple, easy-to-follow audio and visual instructions that untrained bystanders can quickly comprehend and apply. Some AEDs advise the user when to administer the shock, while other AEDs may automatically apply a shock if the heart is arrhythmic.

As you consider your options, we encourage you to read our post, Which AED is Right for You, and make a list of your needs and priorities. Then, carefully consider the following manufacturers to find the AED that best fits your organization’s needs. For more information on funding your program, refer to our Grant Guide.

ZOLL

We covered the History of Defibrillation, Defibrillators, and Portable AEDs back in July, but it’s worth noting that ZOLL was founded in 1980 by one of the early pioneers of external cardiac stimulation, Dr. Paul M. Zoll. Today, Zoll Medical Corporation develops and markets a wide array of medical devices and software solutions that help save lives.

The ZOLL AED Plus and the ZOLL AED Pro, with their vivid green cases, are hard to miss. The AED Plus is the only AED with Real CPR Help®️. This feature offers real-time CPR feedback to help rescuers perform high-quality CPR and to more effectively save lives. While only half of all sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) victims need defibrillation, all of them need effective CPR. Real CPR guides rescuers through CPR and even advises them to “push harder,” if necessary.

The ZOLL AED Pro is designed with professional rescuers in mind and supports Basic Life Support as well as Advanced Life Support Professional. The high-resolution LCD display allows responders to visualize the patient’s ECG while performing CPR.

Cardiac Science

Cardiac Science, headquartered in Wisconsin, designs, manufactures and markets Powerheart® AEDs. The Powerheart G3 comes with an impressive 7-year warranty and the Powerheart G5 is the first FDA-approved AED to include fully automatic shock delivery, dual-language (English/Spanish) functionality, and variable escalating energy options. The device’s easy, intuitive operation is perfect for first-time responders and seasoned professionals.

To use, simply open the AED lid to activate the device. The Cardiac Science RescueCoach guides users through a rescue. Easy-to-follow text prompts make the Powerheart® a strong choice for noisy environments and the device also meets rigorous military standards for shock and vibration testing. The Rescue Ready® technology self-checks the primary components daily, ensuring that your device is fully operational and rescue-ready.

Physio-Control

Founded in 1955 by Dr. Karl William Edmark, Physio-Control manufactures “emergency response tools of the highest quality to help clinicians and emergency responders, anywhere in the world, through the toughest kind of emergencies.”

Designed for heavy use, the LIFEPAK 1000 is rugged and durable. The device features built-in flexibility which allows users to program the device to change protocols as standards of care evolve.  It’s a great option for EMS professionals.

The LIFEPAK CR Plus is easy-to-use and is trusted by emergency medical professionals worldwide. The fully automatic LIFEPAK CR Plus offers an easy two-step operation, is water-resistant, and is very lightweight. The device automatically adjusts voltage based on individual needs, making it an ideal choice for high-traffic public areas.

Physio-Control also offers the LIFEPAK Express for budget-minded organizations. The device includes a quick-use instruction card and can deliver up to 360 joules of defibrillation energy, as needed.

HeartSine

The HeartSine Samaritan line of AEDs is designed for use in public areas. Offering the highest levels of dust and water protection in the industry. It is small, extremely compact, light and portable. In fact, it’s the lightest family of AEDs on the market. To simplify maintenance, HeartSine AEDs feature the innovative Pad-Pak™, which houses both the battery and electrodes with one, easy-to-track expiration date.

The HeartSine 450 is one of the few AEDs available to offer live feedback during CPR.

Philips

Philips, a company known for its wide-ranging medical technologies and innovative healthcare solutions, offers the HeartStart family of defibrillators. The Philips HeartStart FR3 AED is the lightest professional device available.

The HeartStart FRx AED is an excellent option for schools, pools, fitness centers, and outdoor venues. The device features fast shocking times and is durable and water-resistant. To transform the device from an adult-only AED to a pediatric AED, simply insert the infant/child key. One set of pads works for adults, children, and infants.

The company’s HeartStart Onsite AED is a solid, cost-effective option for individuals who are at a higher risk of SCA. In fact, it’s the only AED on the market that’s available for personal or home use without a physician’s prescription. Weighing in at just 3.3 lbs, it’s easy to transport. To activate voice instructions, simply open the device. The step-by-step instructions are clear and adaptable, making it easier for untrained bystanders to respond to an emergency situation.

Defibtech

Founded in 1999 by Philadelphia cardiothoracic surgeon Dr. Glenn W. Laub and his longtime engineer friend, Gintaras Vaisnys, Defibtech’s vision was to create one of the world’s best AEDs by offering the highest levels of quality and reliability at an accessible price point.

The large, high-resolution, full-color, interactive display screen makes the Lifeline VIEW an excellent option for untrained rescuers or within organizations serving deaf or hard-of-hearing populations. It works well in all lighting situations and adapts for child or adult use.

The Defibtech Lifeline is a fully-automatic AED that’s easy to activate and features loud and clear voice prompts. Its long battery life makes it the perfect option for organizations looking to keep maintenance to a minimum.

Cardio Partners Offers AED Program Consulting Services

We know there’s a lot to consider when purchasing an AED for your organization or place of business. At Cardio Partners, we’re happy to help you select the manufacturer and model of AED that’s best for you. We specialize in full-customizable solutions for AED sales, compliance management, CPR training, and maintenance services. For more information about purchasing a new or recertified AED or to schedule AED training or maintenance, contact Cardio Partners at 866-349-4362 or email us at customerservice@cardiopartners.com.

AED Batteries: Rechargeable vs. Non-rechargeable

Which AED Battery is Right For You?

AED Battery

When deciding which AED is right for you, there are plenty of important considerations ranging from weight to overall cost to ease of maintenance. Because the type of battery your AED requires has a direct impact on weight, cost, and maintenance, this week we’re devoting an entire post to the topic.

Not only will we cover the pros and cons of non-rechargeable AED batteries versus rechargeable batteries, but we’ll provide you with a complete product list detailing the type of battery that powers each device.

Pros and Cons of Non-Rechargeable AED Batteries

Pro: Extended Battery Life

Most non-rechargeable lithium AED batteries have a useful lifespan of four to five years, assuming the device remains in “standby” mode. When your device remains in “standby,” battery use is minimal. In fact, it’s only in use only when your AED performs automatic, routine self-tests.

Pro: Low Maintenance

Non-rechargeable batteries are extremely easy-to-use and require very little or no maintenance. Simply insert the battery or batteries into your AED and you’re good to go! Non-rechargeable AED batteries are good options for non-professional, low-use settings such as an office or residential environment.

Con: Cost

If your AED sees repeated use, and therefore experiences frequent battery drain, you may find that replacing non-rechargeable AED batteries can be costly. AEDs with non-rechargeable batteries are best-suited for rare to occasional use.

Con: Environmental Impact

Lithium batteries should be properly recycled to minimize environmental harm. First, refer to your AED user guide to determine what kind of AED battery your device uses. We encourage you to contact the manufacturer of your device to determine whether or not they have a recycling program. If you’re unable to recycle your AED battery through the manufacturer, contact your local recycling center for recommendations.

Rechargeable AED Batteries

Pro: Best Battery for Professional Rescuers

Although the initial cost of a rechargeable battery is comparable to non-rechargeable batteries, rechargeable AED batteries are most commonly used by professional rescuers. When an AED is in a high-use environment, battery drain can be significant. In this scenario, recharging is more practical, efficient, environmentally friendly, and cost-effective than replacing a non-rechargeable battery on a monthly basis!

Con: Limited Battery Lifespan

It’s not at all uncommon for rechargeable batteries to be replaced after two years. Your device will alert you when it’s time to replace the battery.

Con: Charging Time and AED Downtime

Charging time varies by manufacturer and may range from two to 10 hours. If your AED sees frequent use, we strongly urge you to consider investing in a backup battery so your AED is always rescue-ready.

Con: Maintenance and Additional Costs

Unlike non-rechargeable batteries, rechargeable batteries need to be recharged frequently. In many instances, batteries need to be recharged monthly. You’ll also need a manufacturer-specific charging station.

AED Battery Type By Manufacturer

Non-Rechargeable

ZOLL AED Plus

ZOLL AED Pro

Cardiac Science Powerheart G3 Pro

Cardiac Science Powerheart G3

Cardiac Science Powerheart G5

Physio-Control LIFEPAK 1000

Philips HeartStart OnSite

Philips HeartStart FR3

Philips HeartStart FRx

HeartSine Samaritan PAD 350

HeartSine Samaritan PAD 450

HeartSine Samaritan PAD 360

Defibtech Lifeline

Defibtech Lifeline View

Rechargeable

ZOLL AED Pro

Cardiac Science Powerheart G3 Pro

Physio-Control LIFEPAK CR Plus

Physio-Control LIFEPAK Express

Generally speaking, we recommend AEDs with rechargeable batteries for professional rescuers or when a device is likely to see frequent use, either in a rescue or monitoring situation. For non-medical or infrequent use, long-lasting non-rechargeable batteries are advised.

AED Grant Guide: Finding Funding For Your AED Program

What you need to know about grants, grant writing, and securing a grant for your AED

It’s no question that having an automated external defibrillator (AED) in your school, office, community center, or nonprofit organization could save a life. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) causes more deaths per year than breast cancer, vehicular accidents, and diabetes combined. And, did you know that for each minute defibrillation is delayed, the chance of survival drops by 10%? In fact, defibrillation is so effective that the National Safety Councilestimates that wider access to AEDs could save up to 40,000 lives per year!

Unfortunately, however, the cost of these life-saving devices can be prohibitive for many organizations. At Cardio Partners and AED.com, we make it our mission to ensure that organizations that would benefit from an AED have the resources they need to find funding and implement their AED program.

In this guide, we’ll discuss the different types of grants or potential funding sources for your AED, how to effectively write a grant proposal, and share a few reputable resources to get you started!

What is a Grant?

A grant is a financial gift that is bestowed upon a nonprofit organization. Grants do not have to be repaid; however, in many instances, certain conditions must be met to ensure that the funding is being used appropriately. Typically, grant recipients have been issued 501(c)(3) status by the government. Government agencies, community organizations, and public schools are also often eligible for grants.

Where do Grants Come From?

Grants may come from a number of different sources. Federal and state governments, corporations, private trusts, private foundations, and community foundations are all common sources for grants.

What Kind of Grants are there?

Just as there are a number of different sources for grants, there are a number of different types of grants. For AED funding, common types of grants include:

  • Project-based grants: Grants that are to be used for a particular project or program.
  • Matching grants: Grants in which the applicant (grantee) pledges to raise a set amount of funds that will be matched by the donor.
  • Employee match: Companies with employee matching grant programs encourage employees to donate to a cause of their choice and the employer pledges to match their contribution.
  • In-Kind Donation: In this instance, an organization would receive an AED in lieu of a financial gift.

Grant Application Steps

Applying for a grant can be time-consuming and may involve a lot of information. To set yourself up for success you’ll want to carefully define your goals. As you do this, think about why your organization needs an AED and how it would benefit your members. Then, begin your search for potential grant sources. (Read on for our resource suggestions!)

Once you have a list of potential funders, narrow your options and make contact. If possible, meet with the funder prior to submitting your application so you have a better idea of what makes for a successful application.

As you put your proposal together, put yourself in the funder’s position and make a compelling case. Think about what they’re looking for in an organization and emphasize those aspects of your work. You may also want to consider how you can help the funder. As you prepare your statement, explain why your proposed AED program is so important and why your organization is a good fit for an AED program in your community. Be positive and emphasize the impact their donation could have.

Carefully follow all grant application steps. You’ll need to answer each question on the application clearly and with great care. Be prepared to provide organizational data, bios of your key employees, financial statements, and data about the communities you serve. Deadlines matter! If you submit an application after the deadline, your organization will very likely miss out on funding!

If you’re selected to receive a grant, make sure you understand the reporting requirements and any specific grant acknowledgment procedures the funder may expect. While we’re on the subject of follow-up, don’t forget to express your gratitude to the funder!

Because many different organizations may be competing for the same grant, your application may not be selected. If possible and if appropriate, follow up with the funderto discover what you could improve on and put their insights to good use on your next application!

A Word of Warning: AED Grant Scams

As you search for potential AED grants, be aware that some websites may offer what they refer to as a “grant” or “partial discount.” In some instances, these “offers” may be less-than-reputable attempts at offering minimal discounts or outright scams. If you see an offer for a price-reduction “grant” or “discounted” price, be sure to check on the actual retail price of the AED.

Manufacturer pricing can be found on Cardio Partners and the AED.com websites for accurate comparisons. We’re also happy to work with deserving organizations to make sure they receive the best possible equipment pricing.

AED Grant Resources and Sources

In many instances, grant research can be conducted online. You may want to visit your local library branch to see if they have a development professional who can assist you or subscriptions to databases like the Foundation Directory Online. You may also want to approach your local civic organizations such as the American LegionElks ClubKiwanis ClubLions, or Rotary Club may be willing to fund your program.

GotAED, an initiative of Simon’s Heart, is a crowdfunding site dedicated to placing AEDs in areas where children learn and play. The site invites schools and youth organizations to begin a campaign to fund the purchase of an AED and offers tips and suggestions to help ensure a successful crowdsourcing campaign. Community members, friends, and generous benefactors make it possible for these life-saving devices to be placed where they’re most need.

Although funders and funding opportunities change frequently, here are a few additional resources to get you started.

The Foundation Center

Defibtech Grant Assistance Program

Zoll Grant Assistance

Nothing makes us happier than donating an AED to a deserving organization. We make every attempt to honor donation requests; unfortunately, however, we receive far more requests that we can reasonably accommodate. For more information about our donation program, please contact us, we’d love to hear from you. Call Cardio Partners at 866-349-4362 or send an email to customerservice@cardiopartners.com.

10 Reasons Why AED Drills Are Important in Schools

Discover why AED drills are important and learn how to run an effective drill.

AEDs can save lives, but only if educators and administrators are prepared to take action. Tornado, fire, lockdown, and even active shooter drills are the norm for most schools across the country, but when is the last time you scheduled a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)/AED drill?

In this post, we’ll discuss the reasons why SCA/AED drills are important in schools and we’ll give you the tools you need to create an effective drill.

Why are AED Drills Important? SCA is Shockingly Common in Schools.

A couple of weeks ago, we covered the importance of AEDs in schools. However, if you’re a by-the-numbers kind of person, here are a few statistics about SCA in schools and in children under the age 18:

  1. In the United States, 1 in 25 schools experiences an SCA event each year.
  2. In 2017, 7,037 children died from cardiac arrest.
  3. Schools are community gathering places, and adults are even more likely to suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a school setting than young adults.
  4. The hospital survival rate of students who experience SCA in a school with an AED is approximately 70%.
  5. The hospital survival rate of students who experience SCA in a school without an AED is approximately 8%.
  6. Student-athletes are more than 2 times as likely to die from SCA than non-athletes.
  7. 66% of the deaths caused by SCA in children occur during regular exercise.
  8. SCA caused by commotio cordis is the most common cause of traumatic death in youth baseball.
  9. Survival decreases an astounding 10% every minute until a defibrillator shock is applied.
  10. SCA in young people can be caused by Long QT Syndrome, commotio cordis, or congenital heart disease.

Sources: American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, Resuscitation Journal, Close the Gap, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, National Institute of Health, C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital.

How to Run an Effective AED Drill: Create, Practice, and Review.

Developing and running effective AED drills are an essential part of your school’s emergency plan. Because the single most important contributing factor for survival of SCA is minimizing the time from collapse to defibrillation —  survival decreases an astounding 10% every minute until a shock is applied — knowing what to do and how to do it quickly may save a life of a student, parent, or school employee.

Regularly scheduled drills can test your team and your student body’s readiness and their ability to act quickly and to respond appropriately in the event of a cardiac emergency.

The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation’s publication Saving Lives in Schools and Sports recommends developing and conducting practice drills for your cardiac Emergency Action Plan (EAP); it’s the best way to make sure it works! Then, once you’ve executed your drill, be sure that you conduct a detailed post-drill review so you and your team can make changes based on real-life scenarios.

Planning Your AED Drill

Here’s a convenient checklist for your annual or semi-annual AED drill:

  • Inform your team that you’ll be conducting a drill in the next week or two so they have an opportunity to review your EAP.
  • Make sure your staff is trained in adult, child, and infant CPR.
  • Choose a scenario that fits your setting.
  • Designate an observer/proctor to administer the drill.
  • Develop a drill worksheet (this worksheet should include the scenario for the drill, the time the drill commenced, when the victim was found, time the rescuer called 911, when chest compressions started, when other bystanders arrived on the scene, when the AED arrived on the scene, when AED training pads were applied, and the names of each individual performing the actions).
  • You’ll need an appropriately-sized CPR Manikin, AED trainer, AED, and a timing device.

Day of AED Drill

On the day of your school’s AED drill, your designated observer will place the CPR manikin in an appropriate, visible location. As soon as the manikin has been observed and someone has activated the EAP, the observer should note the time and read the scenario to the responders.

As soon as the responders have obtained the AED from its usual location, the observer should hand the rescuers the AED trainer to continue the drill (if possible, ask an assistant to return the emergency-ready AED to its clearly marked and accessible location). Do not use your emergency-ready AED for the drill! During this time the observer will record times and responses. If possible, the observer should take a video recording of the drill for post-drill evaluation.

After Drill Review

First, congratulate your team on a job well done! Then give everyone some time to process and think about their part in the drill. After everyone has had a day to think about how things went, bring your staff members together for a detailed analysis of your AED drill. Ask your educators what they thought went well. If possible, review the video of the drill. Ask your observer to note what the rescuers did right and what they could have been done better. Consider which parts of the drill went smoothly and which parts were more challenging.

If you make changes to your emergency action plan, be sure to communicate those changes and schedule another drill for later in the school year!

For more information about AED packages for your school or AED and CPR training, call the team at Cardio Partners and AED.com at 866-349-4362 or email us at customerservice@cardiopartners.com.

The Importance of AEDs in Schools

10 Facts About Automated External Defibrillators in Schools

With students across the country settling in for another year of learning, now is the perfect time to discuss the importance of AEDs in schools. Last week we covered the differences in adult, child, and infant CPR as well as the pediatric chain of survival and this week we’ll cover some interesting facts and statistics about AEDs in schools.

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) occurs when the heart stops beating suddenly and unexpectedly. Often, this is caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). VF is an abnormality in the heart’s electrical system, and when this occurs blood stops pumping to the brain, heart, and the rest of your vital organs. Bystanders who promptly begin CPR and defibrillation can keep oxygenated blood flowing throughout the body and preserve life.

Although sudden cardiac death (SCD) is shocking and leaves its mark on survivors, regardless of the age of the victim, it’s particularly tragic when school-aged children are the victims of SCD. The scars left by SCD on families, schools, and communities can be profound. Here at Cardio Partners and AED.com, we’re doing our best to raise awareness about SCA and to advocate for AEDs in the home, on the job, and in our schools.

Thousands of Children Die From Cardiac Arrest Each Year

According to the American Heart Association’s latest figures, 7,037 children die from cardiac arrest each year. When you consider that most American children spend between 175 and 180 days in school each year and receive between 900 and 1,000 hours of instructional time per year (Center for Public Education) it’s critically important for our public schools to have AEDs readily available.

SCA is Shockingly Common

It’s hard to believe, but two in fifty high schools in the United States can expect an SCA event each year.

Most States Do Not Require AEDs in Public Schools

Although Tennessee, Cardio Partners’ home state, just joined the ranks of states that require AEDs in public high schools, fewer than 20 states have enacted legislation requiring AEDs in public schools. Just nine of those states provide funding for AEDs.

AEDs in Schools Dramatically Improve the Hospital Survival Rate

The hospital survival rate of students who suffer from cardiac arrest in a school with an AED is approximately 70%, compared with only approximately 8% in the overall population of school-age children (American College of Cardiology).

Young Athletes are More Likely to Experience Sudden Cardiac Death than Non-Athletes

In the United States, a young competitive athlete dies suddenly every three days. Young athletes are more than twice as likely to experience SCD than young non-athletes (Close the Gap). The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia found that two-thirds of the deaths caused by SCA in children occur during exercise or activity. In fact, SCA is the leading cause of death in young athletes.

Every Second Counts

The American College of Cardiology notes that, “The most important contributing factor for survival of sudden cardiac arrest is the time from collapse to defibrillation. Survival decreases 10% every minute until a shock is applied.”

Anyone Can Use an AED

Studies indicate that students without any prior CPR or AED training can accurately use an AED as directed. AEDs are, by design, easy to use. By following an AED’s simple, clear voice prompts, bystanders can perform the crucial steps that can save a life.

The Biggest Hurdle for Many Schools is Cost

Many companies, including Cardio Partners and AED.com, offer affordable AED packages to schools. These packages may include an AED, compliance management, a wall cabinet, AED pads, a rescue-ready kit, signage, and more. CPR and AED training courses are also available.

Finding the Best Location for Your AED is Important

Your school’s AED can’t save a life if no one can find it! Finding the best placement for your AED is crucial. Locating an AED in a highly visible and public location can mean the difference between life and death.

Good Samaritan Laws Protect Bystanders

You should never be afraid to lend assistance to someone experiencing SCA. Although not all states mandate the placement of AEDs in schools, all 50 states have enacted Good Samaritan laws to protect bystanders who use an AED to resuscitate a victim of SCA.

For more information about AED packages for your school or AED and CPR training, call the team at Cardio Partners and AED.com at 866-349-4362 or email us at customerservice@cardiopartners.com.

Cardio Partners Joins Forces with Operation Homefront’s Back-to-School Brigade

Cardio Partners Employees Help Stuff Back-to-School Backpacks for Fort Knox Community Schools

It’s Back-to-School time! Earlier this week, nearly 50 Cardio Partners employees took a break from from promoting CPR and AED awareness and chipped in to help fill 250 backpacks for children of military families.

“This is the second time we’ve partnered with Operation Homefront,” said Cardio Partners Marketing Coordinator Sonia Thalman. “Last Christmas we had the privilege of stuffing 500 stockings for kids at Fort Campbell in Clarksville and this time around we’re helping out families based at Fort Knox in Kentucky.

Operation Homefront is a national nonprofit that helps military families by offering critical financial assistance and programs like the Back-to-School Brigade, Star-Spangled Baby Showers, transitional homes, holiday meals, and community reintegration services.

According to USA Today, parents of elementary school students can expect to spend an average of $662 per student, and parents of high school students should be prepared to shell out an average of $1,489 per student. Considering that the salary for a newly enlisted Army private is just $19,659 (army.com), back-to-school shopping can take a toll on the family budget. Fortunately, programs like Operation Homefront’s Back-to-School Brigade help ease financial anxieties and provide stability for military families.

“Our partnership with Operation Homefront is really special,” said Sonia. “Last year we were thrilled to have an opportunity to brighten up the holidays and this year we’re so excited to make the back-to-school transition a little more joyful for the kids and less stressful for our military families. Plus, it’s also a wonderful opportunity for team building within our company.”

This year, all the backpacks were stuffed by staff members and volunteers at Cardio Partners’ Tennessee headquarters just outside of Nashville, in Brentwood, TN. The company’s remote and off-site employees assisted by writing cards and notes for each of the backpacks.

The colorful backpacks included plenty of pencils, crayons, markers, highlighters, glue sticks, notebooks, erasers, and folders for K-12 students.

2018 is the 10th consecutive year that Operation Homefront and Dollar Tree have collaborated to collect and distribute school supplies for military children through the Back-to-School Brigade.

“Last year we distributed nearly 42,000 backpacks to military children to get them ready for the upcoming school year and we look forward to another opportunity to ease the financial burdens our military families face at this time of year,” said Brig. Gen. (ret.) John I. Pray Jr., President and CEO of Operation Homefront. “By working together, we are able to accomplish our mission and help military families thrive – not simply struggle to get by – in the communities they have worked so hard to protect.”

Interesting in joining the Operation Homefront’s efforts? Find a Back-to-School Brigade volunteer event near you!

Cardio Partners is committed to raising awareness about sudden cardiac arrest and providing customized AED solutions to veterans organizations, businesses, nonprofits, community organizations, and schools. For more information about AED packages for schools or group AED and CPR training, call the team at Cardio Partners and AED.com at 866-349-4362 or email us at customerservice@cardiopartners.com.

What are the Differences Between Infant, Child, and Adult CPR?

Learn the Pediatric Chain of Survival and Discover the key differences between Pediatric and Adult CPR

We’re the first to admit that the idea of performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an infant or child is pretty scary. Although all of us here at Cardio Partners hope that you’ll never be called upon to perform CPR on a child, it’s important to understand the very significant differences between the three types of CPR.

Because a child’s physiology, musculature, bone density, and strength are different from an adult’s, CPR is performed differently. In fact, if adult CPR is performed on a child, it could do more harm than good.

Pediatric Chain of Survival

Earlier this month, we discussed Why the Chain of Survival is So Important, and in this post we’ll cover not only the differences between adult and pediatric CPR, but also the differences in the Chain of Survival for adults and children.

The Pediatric Chain of Survival is a sequence of events this is most likely to save the life of a young victim of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Unlike the adult Chain of Survival, which begins with early recognition and call for emergency assistance, the pediatric Chain of Survival dictates that high-quality CPR start immediately. This is because children are more likely to suffer from SCA caused by an obstructed airway or shock, so it’s important to be able to recognize and prevent respiratory problems or cardiac arrest before they occur. Only after performing CPR for a full  two minutes should the rescuer then call 911.

The Pediatric Chain of Survival consists of:

  1. Prevention of Cardiac Arrest
  2. Early, High-Quality CPR
  3. Rapid Activation of the Emergency Response System
  4. Effective Advanced Life Support
  5. Integrated Post-Cardiac Arrest Care

(Source: American Heart Association)

An Overview of the Three Different Types of CPR

Adult CPR

If you’re ever called upon to perform CPR on an adult, call 911 immediately before starting CPR. Check for a pulse and then begin CPR with chest compressions. If you’re not CPR-certified, a 911 operator can guide you through hands-only CPR. Push hard and fast on the center of the chest at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute. Check out our Greatest Hits to Save Lives playlist to get a sense of the rhythm.

The compression depth for adults should be at least two inches and the chest should recoil completely between compressions. If you are CPR-certified, remember to use the ratio of 30 compressions to two rescue breaths. Use an AED if one is available.

Child CPR

Pediatric resuscitation protocols apply to infants less than 1 year of age and children up to the age of puberty or those weighing less than 121 pounds (Merck Manuals).

Although CPR for children is very similar to adult CPR, rescuers should start CPR before calling 911. If you’re the only person around and you need to make a choice between starting CPR and dialing 911, go for the CPR! Typically, children are more resilient than adults and their chances of survival are much higher if you begin CPR immediately.

After two minutes of CPR with rescue breaths, call 911. Because a child’s airway is more fragile than an adult’s, use caution when providing rescue breaths and be careful not to tilt the head back too far. When providing chest compressions, use one or two hands, depending on the size of the child. The depth of compressions should be only one and a half inches. The ratio of compressions to rescue breaths, 30:2, is the same for children as for adults.

If an AED is available, apply pediatric pads and use it after five cycles of CPR.

Infant CPR

Great care should be taken when performing CPR on an infant. Although a baby’s bones are more flexible, they’re also much more delicate. First, confirm that the baby is unconscious. Do not shake the baby; instead, shout and tap or flick the soles of the infant’s feet.

As with older children, you’ll want to begin CPR on an infant before calling 911. Of course, if there’s another person at the scene, ask them to call.

Check for a pulse on the inside of the upper arm and begin CPR immediately if you’re not able to detect a pulse. When providing rescue breaths to an infant, gently tilt the head so that the baby’s nose appears to be sniffing the air — this is known as the “sniffing position.” Do not tip the head back too far! Be very gentle when providing rescue breathing; don’t use the full force of your lungs to expel air. Instead, use your cheeks and puff air into the infant’s mouth and nose.

When providing compressions, use two fingers at the center of the baby’s chest. Compressions should be about an inch and a half deep at a rate of 30 compressions to two rescue breaths.

If an AED is available, apply pediatric pads and use it after five cycles of CPR. According to the American Red Cross, you may use an AED configured for an adult if pediatric settings or pads are not available.

(Sources: American Red Cross and National CPR Association)

To learn more about our CPR and AED Training or to purchase an AED with pediatric capabilities, visit aed.com or call Cardio Partners at 866-349-4362. You can also email us at customerservice@cardiopartners.com.