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Louisiana - AED Statutes & Regulations

AED owners are legally responsible to ensure compliance and emergency readiness of their AEDs. Each unit must meet certain requirements from the FDA, the local state, and individual AED manufacturers, which can be a challenging task to maintain. Thousands of customers rely on us to manage their AED compliance through our easy to use tool called LifeShield. Learn more about how we support our clients with an unmatched AED compliance program offering here.


Louisiana Summary
RequirementSummary
Good Samaritan LawGood Samaritan protections extend to the purchaser or entity responsible for the AED and its location, as well as expected users, physicians overseeing the AED program, and CPR/AED trainers.
AED TrainingThe possessor of an AED is responsible for training expected AED users in CPR/AED.
Preventative MaintenanceAEDs must be maintained and tested in accordance with the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
EMS NotificationThe possessor of an AED is responsible for notifying EMS of the existence and location of the AED.
Medical OversightA medical oversight program whereby a physician or an advanced practical nurse ensures the above training, notification, and AED maintenance requirements are met.
SchoolsAEDs are required at high schools and colleges that compete in intramural athletics. Students in grades 9-12 must receive CPR/AED training.
Fitness FacilitiesAn AED is required in physical fitness facilities.
AED PlanA written CPR/AED Protocol or Plan must exist for use in a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) occurring at a physical fitness facility and file a copy of this protocol/plan with the Bureaus of Emergency Medical Services (BEMS).
Use ReportingEvery event in which an AED is placed on a person, the use must be reported to BEMS on the cardiac arrest profile/data collection form and reviewed by the medical oversight of possessor.
Louisiana Statutes and Regulations
StatuteAbstract
Louisiana Revised Statutes - 40:1137.1. Legislative Findings

A. The Legislature of Louisiana finds that each year more than three hundred fifty thousand Americans die from out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. More than ninety-five percent of these Americans die, in many cases because a lifesaving defibrillator did not arrive at the scene of the emergency in time.

B. The American Heart Association estimates that more than twenty thousand deaths may be prevented each year if defibrillators were more widely available to designated responders.

C. Many communities throughout the state and nation have invested in 911 emergency response systems, emergency personnel, and ambulance vehicles. However, many of these communities do not have enough defibrillators in their community.

D. It is therefore the intent of the legislature to encourage greater acquisition, deployment, and use of automated external defibrillators in communities throughout the state.
Louisiana Revised Statutes - 40:1137.2. Definitions

As used in this Subpart automated external defibrillator and AED mean a medical device heart monitor and defibrillator that:

(1) Has received approval of its pre-market notification filed pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 360(k) from the United States Food and Drug Administration.

(2) Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia and is capable of determining whether defibrillation should be performed.

(3) Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to an individual’s heart.

(4) Is capable of delivering the electrical impulse to an individual’s heart.
Louisiana Revised Statutes - 40:1137.3. Persons in possession of AEDs; training, testing, and notification requirements; manufacturer responsibility; possession required

A. In order to ensure public health and safety, any person or entity that possesses an AED shall ensure that:

(1) The AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s guidelines.

(2) A licensed physician or advanced practice registered nurse who is authorized to prescribe is involved in the possessor’s program to ensure compliance with the requirements for training, emergency medical service (EMS) notification, and maintenance.

(3)(a) Expected AED users regularly, on the premises of a particular entity, such as a work site or users who carry an AED in a private security patrol vehicle, receive appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and in the use of an AED from any nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use.

(b) For purposes of this Paragraph, expected AED users shall be any person designated by the possessor to render emergency care.

(4) The emergency medical services system is activated as soon as possible when an individual renders emergency care to an individual in cardiac arrest by using an AED.

(5) Any clinical use of the AED is reported to the licensed physician or advanced practice registered nurse involved in the possessor’s program.

B. Any person or entity that possesses an AED shall notify a local provider of emergency medical services, such as a 911 service, local ambulance service, or fire department of the acquisition, location, and type of AED.

C. Any manufacturer, wholesale supplier, or retailer of an AED shall notify purchasers of AED’s intended for use in the state of the requirements of this Section.

D. (1) The owner of or the entity responsible for a physical fitness facility shall keep an AED on its premises.

(2) As used in this Subsection:

(a) Physical fitness facility means a facility for profit or nonprofit with a membership of over fifty persons that offers physical fitness services. This term includes but is not limited to clubs, studios, health spas, weight control centers, clinics, figure salons, tanning centers, athletic or sport clubs, and YWCA and YMCA organizations.

(b) Physical fitness services means services for the development of physical fitness through exercise or weight control. It shall not include a business limited solely to the practice of physical therapy, as defined in R.S. 37:2401, by a therapist licensed by the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners, nor shall it apply to medically related services performed by a physician licensed by the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners in a private office, clinic, or hospital.

E. (1) Any institution of higher education that competes in intercollegiate athletics shall have an AED on its premises in its athletic department.

(2)(a) Each high school shall have an AED on its premises, if funding is available, subject to appropriation. Each high school shall have the authority to accept donations of AEDs or funds to acquire AEDs.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subparagraph (a) of this Paragraph, each high school in any parish with a population of more than two hundred thousand and less than two hundred twenty-five thousand according to the latest federal decennial census shall have an AED on its premises.

F. The Department of Health and Hospitals shall promulgate all necessary rules and regulations to implement the provisions of Subsections D and E of this Section. Such rules and regulations shall, at a minimum, provide for compliance, enforcement, and penalties.
Louisiana Revised Statutes - 40:1137.4. Limitation of liability

In addition to the civil immunity provided to persons rendering emergency assistance as provided by law, including R.S. 9:2793, R.S. 37:1731, 1732, and 1735, and R.S. 40:1231.2, any prescribing advanced practice registered nurse or physician who authorizes the purchase of the AED, any physician or advanced practice registered nurse involved in the possessor’s program, any individual or entity which provides training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in the use of an AED, any purchaser of an AED, any person or entity who owns or who is responsible for the site or the private security patrol vehicle where an AED is located, and any expected user regularly on the premises or in the vehicle shall not be liable for any civil damages arising from any act or omission of acts related to the operation of or failure to operate an AED that do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence.
Louisiana Revised Statutes - 9:2793. Gratuitous service at scene of emergency; limitation on liability

A. No person who in good faith gratuitously renders emergency care, first aid or rescue at the scene of an emergency, or moves a person receiving such care, first aid or rescue to a hospital or other place of medical care shall be liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission in rendering the care or services or as a result of any act or failure to act to provide or arrange for further medical treatment or care for the person involved in the said emergency; provided, however, such care or services or transportation shall not be considered gratuitous, and this Section shall not apply when rendered incidental to a business relationship, including but not limited to that of employer-employee, existing between the person rendering such care or service or transportation and the person receiving the same, or when incidental to a business relationship existing between the employer or principal of the person rendering such care, service or transportation and the employer or principal of the person receiving such care, service or transportation. This Section shall not exempt from liability those individuals who intentionally or by grossly negligent acts or omissions cause damages to another individual.

B. The immunity herein granted shall be personal to the individual rendering such care or service or furnishing such transportation and shall not inure to the benefit of any employer or other person legally responsible for the acts or omissions of such individual, nor shall it inure to the benefit of any insurer.

C. For purposes of this Section, rendering emergency care, first aid, or rescue shall include the use of an automated external defibrillator as defined by R.S. 40:1236.12.
Louisiana Administrative Code - § 6101 Definitions

A. The Department of Health and Hospitals, Office of Public Health, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services (BEMS) in the exercise of its regulatory authority has adopted the following meaning for the following terms.

Athletic Department - high schools, the division or department of an institution of higher education, including college, university, or community college, which schedules and compete in interscholastic athletics and intercollegiate athletics.

Automated External Defibrillator (AED) (as defined under R.S. 40:1236.12) - a medical device heart monitor and defibrillator that:

a. has received approval of its pre-market notification filed pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 360(k) from the United States Food and Drug Administration;

b. is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia and is capable of determining whether defibrillation should be performed;

c. upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, the AED automatically charges and delivers an electrical impulse to an individual’s heart;

d. is capable of delivering the electrical impulse to an individual’s heart;

e. pediatric AED capabilities are required.

Bureau - the Department of Health and Hospitals, Office of Public Health, BEMS.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - the process of ventilating and circulating blood for a patient in cardiopulmonary arrest usually in combination mouth to mouth with external chest compressions.

Certification - adult and pediatric CPR and AED users must be certified after successful completion of an adult and pediatric CPR and AED course recognized by a nationally recognized organization or association such as American Heart Association, American Red Cross, National Safety Council and Emergency Medical Physicians of America, which certification must be updated before the expiration listed on the certificate.

Emergency Care - the occurrence of a sudden, serious and unexpected sickness or injury that would lead a reasonable person, possessing an average knowledge of medicine and health, to believe that the sick or injured person requires urgent or unscheduled medical care.

Expected AED Users - any person designated by the possessor to render emergency care.

Health Club - a physical fitness facility emphasizing exercise to achieve physical fitness, or weight loss.

Physical Fitness Facility - a facility for profit or nonprofit with a membership of over 50 persons that offers physical fitness services. This term includes but is not limited to clubs, gymnasium, studios, health spas, weight control centers, clinics, figure salons, tanning centers, athletic or sport clubs, and YWCA and YMCA organizations. It shall not include a business limited solely to the practice of physical therapy, as defined in R.S. 37:2401, by a therapist licensed by the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners, nor shall it apply to medically related services performed by a physician licensed by the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners in a private office, clinic, or hospital. It shall also not include a tanning salon, which does not have a membership of over 50 persons and does not offer physical fitness services, and is not inside, adjacent to or connected with a physical fitness facility.

Physical Fitness Services - services for the development of physical fitness through exercise or weight control.

Physical Fitness Center - any person or organization which, for profit or nonprofit, offers physical fitness services, whether at multiple outlets or single outlet. Any subsidiary of a center offering such services shall be deemed part of said center.

Possessor - any person, service, business, industry, physical fitness facility, institution of higher learning participating in intercollegiate sport, or security vehicle possessing an AED.

Premises - physical fitness facility or possessor, a distinct and definite locality, and may mean a room, shop, building, field or other definite area.
Louisiana Administrative Code - § 6103 General Provisions

A. Possessor’sProgram

1. Possessor’s Responsibility and Requirements

a. The AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s guidelines; in accordance with state and federal rules and polices [sic], including review of product warranty expirations for AED machine, pads and batteries.

b. A licensed physician or advanced practice nurse in the state of Louisiana who is authorized to prescribe in the state of Louisiana is involved in the possessor’s program to ensure compliance with the requirements for training, emergency medical service (EMS) notification, and maintenance.

c. Expected AED users regularly, on the premises of a particular entity, such as a work site or users, who carry an AED in a private security patrol vehicle, receive appropriate training in CPR and in the use of an AED by the AHA or by any other nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use.

i. For purposes of this Paragraph, expected AED users shall be any person designated by the possessor to render emergency care.

d. The EMS system is activated as soon as possible when an individual renders emergency care to an individual in cardiac arrest by using CPR or an AED.

e. Any clinical use of the AED is reported to the licensed physician or advanced practice registered nurse involved in the possessor’s program and BEMS, using the cardiac arrest profile/data collection form obtained from the BEMS office. A determination by the licensed physician or advanced practice registered nurse, whether or not the patient was treated in accordance with the pre-established protocol. A copy of the cardiac arrest profile/data collection form should be mailed

2. Any person or entity which possesses an AED shall notify BEMS and a local provider of emergency medical services, such as 911 service, local ambulance service, or the fire department of the acquisition, location and type of AED.

3. Any manufacturer, wholesale supplier, or retailer of an AED shall notify purchasers of AED’s intended for use in the state of Louisiana of the requirements of R.S. 40:1236.13.

4. The owner of or the entity responsible for a physical fitness facility or fitness centers, shall keep an AED on its premises.

5. Any institution of higher education that competes in intercollegiate athletics shall have an AED on its premises in its athletic department, with posters approved by AHA/ARC on how to safely perform CPR and use the AED. The AED is to be placed in open view within two feet of a telephone to be able to access 911 in department and placed with easy access to coaches and athletic where games are to be completed.

a. Each high school that participates in interscholastic athletics shall have an AED on its premises, if funding is available.
Louisiana Administrative Code - § 6105 Regulations and Reports

A. Regulate/Self Report

1. Compliance of notification upon prescribing AED by completion, signing, and submission of BEMS automated external defibrillator acquisition notification form, to the BEMS office and notification to local provider of emergency services of BEMS notification information.

2. A written CPR/AED Protocol or Plan must exist for use in a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) occurring at a physical fitness facility and file a copy of this protocol/plan with BEMS.

3. Every event in which an AED is placed on a person, the use must be reported to BEMS on the cardiac arrest profile/data collection form and reviewed by the medical oversight of possessor, in accordance with the AED protocol/plan and further determine if the AED protocol/plan should be modified. The review of use by medical oversight shall be privileged and confidential.

B. Non-Complying Provisions/Failure to Report

1. BEMS shall inspect the premises in response to a complaint which specifies the name, address and telephone number of the alleged violator filed with BEMS alleging a violation of R.S. 40:1236. BEMS may inspect facilities or premises at other times to ensure compliance with this Rule.

a. Penalties for violations:

i. if an AED possessor, inclusive of physical fitness facility, and/or athletic department violates this rule by failing to have on the premises an accessible and operational AED, or certified AED user, and to adopt or implement a plan for responding to medical emergencies then the following penalties will be assessed per violation. BEMS or its designee may issue to the facility a written administrative warning without monetary penalty for the initial violation with a 30 day notice to comply with corrective measures from date of violation;

ii. at least $100 but less than $150 for a second violation;

iii. at least $150 but less than $200 for a third or subsequent violation.

(a). After a third violation against the facility, BEMS or its designee may report violations to the Louisiana attorney general’s office or governing authorities for prosecution or further warning.

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