West Virginia - AED Statutes & Regulations

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West Virginia Summary
Requirement Summary
Good Samaritan Law Good Samaritan protection is extended to untrained rescuers as well as those who are in compliance with AED registration and training law.
AED Training The acquirer of an AED must ensure that anticipated users of the AED are trained in CPR/AED.
AED Registration Acquirers must register the AED program with EMS and notify EMS of the AED's location.
Medical Oversight Acquirers must appoint a licensed physician medical director to oversee the AED program (in-state medical director residency is not required).

Schools All students must be instructed in CPR prior to high school graduation: the required CPR training may, but is not required to, include training in the use of an AED.

Coal Mines All quarries and coal mines must have first aid equipment including an AED. 

West Virginia Statutes and Regulations
Statute Abstract
West Virginia Code, § 16-4D-1. Purpose and findings

(a) The West Virginia Legislature hereby finds and declares that each year more than two hundred fifty thousand Americans die from out-of-hospital incidents of sudden cardiac arrest. More than ninety-five percent of these incidents result in death and, in many cases, death occurs because properly trained persons with life-saving automated external defibrillators arrive at the scene too late.

(b) The American Heart Association estimates that more than twenty thousand deaths could be prevented each year if early defibrillation were more widely available.

(c) Many communities around the country have invested in 911 emergency notification systems and emergency medical services, including well-trained emergency personnel and ambulance vehicles. However, in many communities, there are not enough strategically placed automated external defibrillators and persons trained to properly operate them.

(d) It is, therefore, the intent of this Legislature to improve access to early defibrillation by encouraging the establishment of automated external defibrillator programs in careful coordination with the emergency medical services system.
West Virginia Code, § 16-4D-2. Definitions

(a) “Anticipated operator” means any person trained in accordance with section three of this article who utilizes an automated external defibrillator which was placed through an early defibrillation program.

(b) “Automated external defibrillator”, hereinafter referred to as AED, means a medical device heart monitor and defibrillator that: (1) Has undergone the premarket approval process pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360, as amended; (2) is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation; (3) is capable of determining, without intervention by the operator, whether defibrillation should be performed; and (4) upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to an individual’s heart.

(c) “Early defibrillation program” means a coordinated program that meets the requirements of section three of this article and one that provides early public access to defibrillation for individuals experiencing sudden cardiac arrest through the use of an automated external defibrillator.

(d) “Emergency medical services (EMS)” means all services established by the Emergency Medical Services Act of 1973 in article four-c of this chapter, including, but not limited to, the emergency medical services plan of the Department of Health and Human Resources providing a response to the medical needs of an individual to prevent the loss of life or aggravation of illness or injury.

(e) “Entity” means a public or private group, organization, business, association or agency that meets the requirements of section three of this article. “Entity” does not include emergency medical services operational programs or licensed commercial ambulance services.

(f) “Medical director” means a duly licensed physician who serves as the designated medical coordinator for an entity’s early defibrillation program.

(g) “Unanticipated operator” means any person rendering emergency medical care involving the use of an AED.
West Virginia Code, § 16-4D-3. Early defibrillation programs.

An entity providing an early defibrillation program shall:

(1) Register the program with the Office of Emergency Medical Services, pursuant to article four-c of this chapter, identifying the placement of AEDs, training of anticipated operators, preplanned EMS system coordination, designation of a medical director, maintenance of AED equipment and reports of AED utilization;

(2) Require the anticipated operator of an AED to receive appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, referred to as “CPR”, in the operation of an AED and in the determination of advance directives from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, any other nationally recognized course in CPR and AED or an AED and CPR training program approved by the Office of Emergency Medical Services;

(3) Maintain and test the AED in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidelines and keep written records of this maintenance and testing;

(4) Designate a medical director for the coordination of the program, which shall include, but not be limited to, training, coordinating with EMS, creating AED deployment strategies and reviewing each operation of an AED;

(5) Notify the local EMS system and public safety answering point or other appropriate emergency dispatch center of the existence of an entity’s early defibrillation program, the location of the program and the program’s plan for coordination with the EMS system;

(6) Provide that an operator of an AED who renders emergency care or treatment on a person experiencing cardiac arrest shall activate the EMS system as soon as possible and shall report the use of an AED to the program medical director; and

(7) Comply with the guidelines of the West Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services regarding data collection and reporting.
West Virginia Code, § 16-4D-4. Limitation on liability.

A person is not liable for civil damages as a result of any act or omission in rendering emergency medical care or treatment involving the use of an AED if the care or treatment does not amount to gross negligence and the following conditions are met:

(1) The person, entity, certified trainer or medical director of the early defibrillation program is in compliance with the provisions of section three of this article; and

(2) The person is an anticipated operator of an AED who gratuitously and in good faith rendered emergency medical care, pursuant to the requirements of section three of this article, other than in the ordinary course of the person’s employment or profession as a health care provider, as defined in section two, article two-d of this chapter; or

(3) The person is an unanticipated operator who gratuitously and in good faith rendered emergency medical care.
West Virginia Code, § 18-2-9. Required courses of instruction.

(b) The state board shall cause to be taught in all of the public schools of this state the subject of health education, including instruction in any of the grades six through twelve as considered appropriate by the county board, on: . . . (4) education concerning cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first aid, including instruction in the care for conscious choking, and recognition of symptoms of drug or alcohol overdose. The course curriculum requirements and materials for the instruction shall be adopted by the state board by rule in consultation with the Department of Health and Human Resources. The state board shall prescribe a standardized health education assessment to be administered within health education classes to measure student health knowledge and program effectiveness.

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(d) After July 1, 2015, the required instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in subsection (b) of this section shall include at least thirty minutes of instruction for each student prior to graduation on the proper administration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the psychomotor skills necessary to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The term "psychomotor skills" means the use of hands-on practicing to support cognitive learning. Cognitive-only training does not qualify as "psychomotor skills". The CPR instruction must be based on an instructional program established by the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross or another program which is nationally recognized and uses the most current national evidence-based Emergency Cardiovascular Care guidelines and incorporates psychomotor skills development into the instruction. A licensed teacher is not required to be a certified trainer of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to facilitate, provide or oversee such instruction. The instruction may be given by community members, such as emergency medical technicians, paramedics, police officers, firefighters, licensed nurses and representatives of the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross. These community members are encouraged to provide necessary training and instructional resources such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation kits and other material at no cost to the schools. The requirements of this subsection are minimum requirements. A local school district may offer CPR instruction for longer periods of time and may enhance the curriculum and training components, including, but not limited to, incorporating into the instruction the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED): Provided, That any instruction that results in a certification being earned must be taught by an authorized CPR/AED instructor.
West Virginia Code - §22A-2-59. [Underground Coal Mine] First-aid equipment.

(a) Each operator of an underground coal mine shall maintain a supply of first-aid equipment at each of the following locations:

(1) At the mine dispatcher’s office and on the surface in close proximity to the mine entry.

(2) At the bottom of each regularly traveled slope or shaft; however, where the bottom of such slope or shaft is not more than one thousand feet from the surface, such first-aid supplies may be maintained on the surface at the entrance of the mine.

(3) At a point in each working section not more than five hundred feet outby the active working face or faces.

(b) The first-aid equipment required to be maintained shall include at least the following:

(1) One stretcher.

(2) One broken-back board.

(3) Twenty-four triangular bandages.

(4) Eight four-inch bandage compresses.

(5) Sixteen two-inch bandage compresses.

(6) Twelve one-inch adhesive compresses.

(7) One foille.

(8) Two cloth blankets.

(9) One rubber blanket.

(10) Two tourniquets.

(11) One one-ounce bottle of aromatic spirits of ammonia.

(12) Two inflatable plastic arm splints.

(13) Two inflatable plastic leg splints.

(14) Six small splints, metal or wooden.

(15) Two cold packs.

(16) One automated external defibrillator (AED) unit.

(c) All first-aid supplies required to be maintained under the section shall be stored in suitable sanitary, dust-tight, moisture-proof containers and such supplies shall be accessible to the miners.

(d) No first-aid material shall be removed or diverted without authorization, except in case of accident in or about the mine.

(e) On all occasions when a person becomes sick or injured underground to the extent that he or she must go to the surface, he or she shall be accompanied by one or more persons.
West Virginia Code - §22A-1-42 Surface ground control plan; automated external defibrillator.

(a) The MSHA-approved surface ground control plan shall serve as the state-approved plan, and the operator, upon approval by MSHA, shall provide a copy of the MSHA-approved surface ground control plan to the director.

(b) Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) shall be required on all surface mining operations. The director shall promulgate emergency rules in order to comply with this section of code, giving special consideration to the climate sensitive nature of AEDs
West Virginia Code of Regulations, 5-12-5 Equipment and Emergency Drugs [Dental Offices]

5.2. The dentist's facilities shall contain the following during all levels of sedation procedures and during recovery.

. . .

(j) An external defibrillator device for class 2, 3 and 4 levels of sedation.

West Virginia Code of Regulations, 5-14-5 Required Equipment [Mobile Dental Facilities] 5.1. A mobile dental facility must include:

. . .

(j) Automated external defibrillator if Class 2, 3 or 4 anesthesia is used in the mobile dental facility;

5.2. A portable dental unit must include:

. . .

(i) Automated external defibrillator if Class 2, 3 or 4 anesthesia is used with the portable dental unit.
West Virginia Code of Regulations - §56-20-20. First Aid Requirements - Quarries.

20.1. First aid stations and equipment.

20.1 .a. Each operator of a quarry shall maintain a supply of first aid equipment which shall be available to workers at all times. First aid equipment shall be stored at a central location convenient for quick response to emergencies. Advanced first aid-training will consist of hands-on training and demonstration in the use, care, and maintenance of the first aid equipment stored at the quarry.

20.1.b. First aid equipment shall contain the following:

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20.1.b.l4. Automatic External Defibrillator (AED);

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