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New Jersey - AED Statutes & Regulations

AED owners are legally responsible to ensure compliance and emergency readiness of their AEDs. Each unit must meet certain requirements from the FDA, the local state, and individual AED manufacturers, which can be a challenging task to maintain. Thousands of customers rely on us to manage their AED compliance through our easy to use tool called LifeShield. Learn more about how we support our clients with an unmatched AED compliance program offering here.


New Jersey Summary
RequirementSummary
Good Samaritan LawProtection from liability is extended to good faith rescuers, prescribing licensed physicians, and CPR/AED trainers.

Civil immunity is also provided for people and entities that provide or maintain an AED if statutory requirements for training, maintenance, oversight, etc. are followed.
AED TrainingAn AED acquirer must ensure that anticipated users are CPR/AED trained prior to any AED use.
AED MaintenanceAcquirers must ensure that the AED is properly maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Medical OversightAcquirers must provide for a medical oversight program.

AEDs must be registered with EMS.

AED programs must involve a licensed physician in a protocol review capacity.
SchoolsAEDs are required in K-12 schools, health clubs, assisted living facilities, and nursing homes.

The board of education of a public school district and the governing body or chief school administrator of a nonpublic school that includes any of the grades kindergarten through 12 shall establish and implement an emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac event.

High school students must receive CPR/AED training before graduation.
Swimming PoolsSwimming pools that have a lifeguard should have an AED.

• An automated external defibrillator (AED) shall be provided if the bathing beach is capable of accommodating 500 swimmers and bathers, or if a lifeguard is present.

New Jersey Statutes and Regulations
StatuteAbstract
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-23-34. Legislative findings relative to acquisition, deployment, use of automated external defibrillators

1. The Legislature finds that:

a. More than 350,000 Americans die annually from out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. Many die needlessly because life saving defibrillators are not immediately available. The American Heart Association estimates that almost 100,000 deaths could be prevented each year if defibrillators were more widely available to;

b. Due to technological advances, automated external defibrillators may be used by lay persons without any training to provide defibrillation within the first minutes of cardiac arrest to victims, thereby increasing the victims’ chances of survival; and

c. It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage greater acquisition, deployment, and use of automated external defibrillators throughout this State by expanding immunity from civil liability of persons who acquire automated external defibrillators and by granting immunity from civil liability to lay persons who use them in good faith in emergency situations.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-24. Definitions relative to acquisition, deployment, use of automated external defibrillators

As used in this act:

Automated external defibrillator or defibrillator means a medical device heart monitor and defibrillator that:

a. Has received approval of its pre-market notification filed pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 360(k) from the United States Food and Drug Administration;

b. Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia, and is capable of determining, without intervention by an operator, whether defibrillation should be performed; and

c. Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to an individual’s heart.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-25. Responsibilities of person, entity acquiring automated external defibrillator

A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall:

a. Ensure that any person, who is anticipated by the person or entity that acquires the defibrillator to be in a position to render emergency care or treatment by the use of a defibrillator in the performance of that person’s duties of employment or volunteer service, shall, prior to using that defibrillator, have successfully completed and hold a current certification from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association., or other training program recognized by the Department of Health and Senior Services in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and use of a defibrillator; however, a person or entity that acquires a defibrillator shall not be liable for any act or omission of any lay person who uses the defibrillator in the rendering of emergency care;

b. Ensure that the defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines;

c. Notify the appropriate first aid, ambulance., or rescue squad, or other appropriate emergency medical services provider that the person or entity has acquired the defibrillator, the type acquired,. and its location; and

d. Prior to purchasing the automated external defibrillator, provide the prescribing licensed physician with documentation that the person or entity purchasing the defibrillator has a protocol in place to comply with the requirements of subsections a., b., and c. of this section.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-26. Requirements for user of defibrillator

Any person who uses a defibrillator shall request emergency medical assistance from the appropriate first aid, ambulance., or rescue squad as soon as practicable; however, a lay person who, in good faith, fails to request emergency medical assistance pursuant to this subsection shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury that results from that failure.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-27. Immunity from civil liability for user of defibrillator; exceptions

(1) Any person or entity who, in good faith, acquires or provides a defibrillator, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of a defibrillator, assists in or supervises the emergency care or treatment by the use of a defibrillator, or attempts to use a defibrillator for the purpose of rendering emergency care or treatment, and who has complied with the requirements of this act, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of that care or treatment, or as a result of any acts or omissions by the person or entity in providing, rendering, assisting in, or supervising the emergency care or treatment.

(2) A person or entity providing or maintaining an automated external defibrillator shall not be liable for any act or omission involving the use of a defibrillator in the rendering of emergency care by a lay person.

b. The immunity provided in subsection a. of this section shall include the prescribing licensed physician and the person or entity who provided training in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and use of the defibrillator.

c. This subsection shall not immunize a person for any act of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct. It shall not be considered gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct to fail to use a defibrillator in the absence of an otherwise preexisting duty to do so.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-28 Definitions

As used in this act:

Automated external defibrillator means an automated external defibrillator as defined in section 2 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C. 2A:62A-24).

Commissioner means the Commissioner of Health and Senior Services.

State building means a building or portion of a building that is owned, leased or operated by a State agency.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-29 Guidelines for the placement of automated external defibrillators in State buildings.

a. The Commissioner of Health and Senior Services shall establish guidelines, which the commissioner shall recommend for adoption by all State agencies, with respect to the placement of automated external defibrillators in State buildings. The guidelines shall take into account the need to ensure compliance with the provisions of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C. 2A:62A-23 et seq.), for the purposes of ensuring immunity from civil liability pursuant thereto, regarding the training of users of automated external defibrillators, the maintenance and testing of these devices, coordination with emergency medical services providers, and the adoption of protocols to effectuate this compliance.

b. The commissioner shall issue the guidelines established pursuant to subsection a. of this section to all State agencies no later than the 180th day after the effective date of this act.

c. For the purpose of establishing guidelines pursuant to subsection a. of this section, the commissioner shall consult, at a minimum, with: the New Jersey First Aid Council, Inc.; the American Heart Association; the American Red Cross; the Medical Society of New Jersey; the State Treasurer; the Commissioner of Personnel; the Attorney General; and representatives of organized labor.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-30 Findings, declarations relative to use of defibrillators in health clubs.

1. The Legislature finds and declares that:

a. According to the American Heart Association, when a person suffers sudden cardiac arrest, the person’s chance of survival decreases by 7% to 10% for each minute that passes without defibrillation; and with defibrillation given in the first minute after cardiac arrest, the survival rate can be as high as 90%;

b. The greatest risk for cardiac arrest is among men over 45 and women over 55 years of age, as well as among persons who smoke, are overweight or have diabetes;

c. Studies have shown that while exercise helps the heart in the long run, the risk of physical activity is not zero and the risk for cardiac arrest may increase during the time that the person is engaging in moderate or vigorous exercise, particularly for those who are sporadic exercisers or have underlying cardiovascular disease;

d. The number of Americans who exercise regularly at health clubs has increased steadily in recent years, as has the age of persons who exercise at these clubs; as many as 30 million people now visit health and exercise centers in this country, and it is estimated that about 55% percent of these people are over age 35;

e. As the age of persons who use health clubs increases, it is reasonable to assume that the number of members with cardiovascular disease is rising as well;

f. In recognition of the increasing risk of cardiac arrest at health clubs and the effectiveness of readily accessible automated external defibrillators in saving lives, it is, therefore, in the best interest of the residents of this State to require health clubs to maintain defibrillators on their premises.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-31Requirements for health clubs relative to defibrillators.

No later than one year after the effective date of this act:

a. The owner or operator of a health club registered with the Director of the Division of Consumer Affairs in the Department of Law and Public Safety pursuant to P.L. 1987, c. 238 (C.56:8-39 et seq.) shall:

(1) acquire at least one automated external defibrillator as defined in section 2 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C.2A:62A-24), and store it in an accessible location within the health club that is known and available to the employees of the health club for the purposes of this act; and

(2) ensure that the automated external defibrillator is tested and maintained, and provide notification to the appropriate first aid, ambulance., or rescue squad, or other appropriate emergency medical services provider regarding the defibrillator, the type acquired., and its location, pursuant to section 3 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C.2A:62A-25); and

b. The owner or operator of a health club that is subject to the provisions of subsection a. of this section shall:

(1) arrange and pay for training in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator for the employees of that health club in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this subsection;

(2) ensure that the health club has at least one employee on site during its normal business hours who holds current certification from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or other training program recognized by the Department of Health and Senior Services in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and use of a defibrillator; and

(3) ensure that an employee who uses a defibrillator requests emergency medical assistance from the appropriate first aid, ambulance, or rescue squad as soon as practicable.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-32Violations, penalties

A person who violates the provisions of section 2 of this act shall be liable to a civil penalty of not less than $250 for the first violation, not less than $500 for the second violation, and not less than $1,000 for the third and each subsequent violation.

The penalty shall be collected pursuant to the “Penalty Enforcement Law of 1999,” P.L. 1999, c. 274 (C. 2A:58-10 et seq.), in a summary proceeding before the municipal court having jurisdiction. An official authorized by statute or ordinance to enforce the State or local health codes or a law enforcement officer having enforcement authority in that municipality may issue a summons for a violation of the provisions of section 2 of this act, and may serve and execute all process with respect to the enforcement of this section consistent with the Rules of Court.

A penalty recovered under the provisions of this section shall be recovered by and in the name of the State by the local health agency. The penalty shall be paid into the treasury of the municipality in which the violation occurred for the general uses of the municipality.
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-33Immunity from civil, criminal liability.

A health club that is subject to the provisions of this act shall be immune from civil or criminal liability resulting from the malfunctioning of an automated external defibrillator that has been maintained and tested by the health club according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines, pursuant to section 3 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C. 2A:62A-25), as required in paragraph (2) of subsection a. of section 2 of this act.

The immunity provided in this section shall be in addition to the immunity provided pursuant to section 5 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C. 2A:62A-27).
New Jersey Statutes, 2A:62A-34Rules, regulations.

The Commissioner of Health and Senior Services, pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act, P.L. 1968, c. 410 (C. 52:14B-1 et seq.), and in consultation with the Director of the Division of Consumer Affairs in the Department of Law and Public Safety, shall adopt rules and regulations to effectuate the purposes of this act.
New Jersey Statutes, 18A:35-4.281. a. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law, rule, or regulation to the contrary, the board of education of a public school district that includes grades 9 through 12, or the board of trustees of a charter school that includes grades 9 through 12, shall provide instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator to each student prior to graduation as part of the district’s implementation of the Core Curriculum Content Standards in Comprehensive Health and Physical Education. The board of education, or board of trustees, may select a no-cost, non-certification instructional program to meet this requirement.

b. The provisions of subsection a. of this section shall first be effective with the 2014-2015 grade nine class.
New Jersey Statutes, 18A:35-4.292. The instruction provided pursuant to section 1 of this act shall:

a. be modeled from an instructional program established by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or other nationally-recognized association with expertise in instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator; and

b. include a hands-on learning component for each participating student.

3. This act shall take effect immediately.
New Jersey Statutes, 18A:40-41aSchools required to have automated external defibrillator.

1. a. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law, rule, or regulation to the contrary, beginning on September 1, 2014, the board of education of a public school district and the governing board or chief school administrator of a nonpublic school that includes any of the grades kindergarten through 12 shall ensure that:

(1) each public or nonpublic school has an automated external defibrillator, as defined in section 2 of P.L.1999, c.34 (C.2A:62A-24), which is made available in an unlocked location on school property with an appropriate identifying sign. The defibrillator shall be accessible during the school day and any other time when a school-sponsored athletic event or team practice is taking place in which pupils of the district or nonpublic school are participating. The defibrillator shall be within reasonable proximity of the school athletic field or gymnasium, as applicable;

(2) a team coach, licensed athletic trainer, or other designated staff member if there is no coach or licensed athletic trainer, who is present during the athletic event or team practice, is trained in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and the use of the defibrillator in accordance with the provisions of section 3 of P.L.1999, c.34 (C.2A:62A-25). A school district or nonpublic school shall be deemed to be in compliance with this requirement if a State-certified emergency services provider or other certified first responder is on site at the event or practice; and

(3) each defibrillator is tested and maintained according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines and notification is provided to the appropriate first aid, ambulance, or rescue squad or other appropriate emergency medical services provider regarding the defibrillator, the type acquired, and its location in accordance with section 3 of P.L.1999, c.34 (C.2A:62A25).

b. A school district or nonpublic school and its employees shall be immune from civil liability in the acquisition and use of defibrillators pursuant to the provisions of section 5 of P.L.1999, c.34 (C.2A:62A-27).
New Jersey Statutes, 18A:40-41bEmergency action plan.

2. a. The board of education of a public school district and the governing body or chief school administrator of a nonpublic school that includes any of the grades kindergarten through 12 shall establish and implement an emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac event including, but not limited to, an event in which the use of an automated external defibrillator may be necessary.

b. The emergency action plan shall be consistent with the provisions of section 1 of this act and also, at minimum, include the following:

(1) a list of no less than five school employees, team coaches, or licensed athletic trainers who hold current certifications from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or other training program recognized by the Department of Health and Senior Services, in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and in the use of a defibrillator. The list shall be updated, as necessary, at least once in each semester of the school year; and

(2) detailed procedures on responding to a sudden cardiac event including, but not limited to, the the person experiencing the sudden cardiac event, calling 911, starting cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, retrieving and using the defibrillator, and assisting emergency responders in getting to the individual experiencing the sudden cardiac event.
New Jersey Statutes, 18A:40-41cRules, regulations

3. The State Board of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Health and Senior Services, and in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act, P.L.1968, c.410 (C.52:14B-1 et seq.), shall adopt rules and regulations as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this act.

4. This act shall take effect immediately.
New Jersey Statutes, 26:2H-12.26.Nursing homes, assisted living facilities, defibrillator, trained personnel; required.

1. A nursing home that is licensed pursuant to P.L. 1971, c. 136 (C.26:2H-1 et al.) shall, no later than one year after the effective date of P.L. 2004, c. 93 (C.26:2H-12.26), and an assisted living facility that is licensed pursuant to P.L. 1971, c. 136 shall, no later than one year after the effective date of P.L. 2009, c. 46:

a. acquire at least one defibrillator as defined in section 2 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C.2A:62A-24), which shall be maintained central location within the nursing home or assisted living facility that shall be made known and available to the employees of the nursing home or assisted living facility for the purposes of this act;

b. ensure that the defibrillator is tested and maintained, and provide notification to the appropriate first aid, ambulance., or rescue squad, or other appropriate emergency medical services provider regarding the defibrillator, the type acquired., and its location, pursuant to section 3 of P.L. 1999, c. 34 (C.2A:62A-25);

c. arrange and pay for training in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and the use of a defibrillator for employees of the nursing home or assisted living facility to ensure that the employees hold current certification from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or other training program recognized by the Department of Health and Senior Services in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and use of a defibrillator; and

d. ensure that an employee who uses a defibrillator requests emergency medical assistance from the appropriate first aid, ambulance, or rescue squad as soon as practicable.
New Jersey Administrative Code, 6A:16-2.1, .2School Health Services

§ 6A:16-2.1 Health services policy and procedural requirements

(a) Each district board of education shall develop and adopt the following written policies, procedures, and mechanisms for the provision of health, safety, and medical emergency services, and shall ensure staff are informed as appropriate:

. . .

4. The provision of health services in emergency situations, including:

. . .

vi. The establishment and implementation of an emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac event, including the use of an AED, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 18A:40-41b;

§ 6A:16-2.2 Required health services

(i) Each public and nonpublic school shall have available and maintain an automated external defibrillator (AED), pursuant to N.J.S.A. 18A:40-41a.a(1) and (3), that is:

1. In an unlocked location on school property, with an appropriate identifying sign;

2. Accessible during the school day and any other time when a school-sponsored athletic event or team practice is taking place in which pupils of the school district or nonpublic school are participating; and

3. Within a reasonable proximity of the school athletic field or gymnasium, as applicable.
New Jersey Administrative Code, 8:36-14.1Emergency medical services (assisted living facilities)

(a) Emergency medical services shall be available to or arranged for residents requiring these services.

(b) The facility shall develop a written plan for arranging for emergency transportation of residents for medical care and returning them to the assisted living residence.

(c) At least one employee trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the Heimlich maneuver shall be available in the facility at all times.

(d) The facility shall have an automatic external defibrillator (AED) on site. At least one employee trained in the use of the AED shall be available in the facility at all times.
New Jersey Administrative Code, 8:39-23.3Defibrillator (long term care facilities)

(a) The facility shall maintain at least one defibrillator available to trained staff in a central location.

(b) The facility shall have a written protocol on the use of the defibrillator. The protocol shall address:

1. The testing and maintenance of the defibrillator according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines; and

2. The training of staff in the use of the defibrillator.

(c) The facility shall arrange and pay for the training of a sufficient number of direct-care staff in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and the proper use of the defibrillator to ensure that at least one direct-care staff member on every shift holds a current certification from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association or other training program recognized by the Department in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and the use of the defibrillator.

(d) The facility shall notify the appropriate first aid, ambulance or rescue squad or other appropriate emergency medical services provider of the type of defibrillator acquired and its location.
New Jersey Administrative Code - 8:26-5.3Emergency equipment for swimming pools

(a) The owner or operator shall provide the swimming pool with the following readily accessible emergency equipment:

* * *

8. For swimming pools that have a lifeguard, an automated external defibrillator (AED)
New Jersey Administrative Code - 8:26-5.12Lifesaving equipment for bathing beaches

(a) Lifesaving equipment shall be immediately accessible in case of an emergency. The equipment shall include, at a minimum:

* * *

3. An automated external defibrillator (AED) shall be provided if the bathing beach is capable of accommodating 500 swimmers and bathers, or if a lifeguard is present;

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